In Denmark the size of homes is always listed as the gross living area, meaning it includes balconies, part of the hallway and are measured from the outside of the building walls. This is different from many other countries where many of these things aren’t included in the gross living area so expect the actual size of the homes to be smaller than expected.
Rooms vs bed rooms
In Denmark we don’t operate with the term bedrooms, i.e. a 1 or 2-bedroom apartment. Listings show the total number of rooms excluding kitchen and toilet. Thus a 4-room house or apartment, could have 1 or 2 bedrooms but it essentially up to the tenant on how he or she wants to utilize the rooms. Normally the architecture lends itself such that there is always at least a room appropriate for a living room and at least one room appropriate for a bedroom.
Toilets and showers
All rental properties must have access to kitchen facilities and a toilet/bathroom, this means that there are rental units with shared facilities out there. Long ago it was common to make new buildings with shared toilets, so there are still quite a few apartments in Copenhagen with shared toilets. Be aware that in the older apartments in Copenhagen toilets and showers can be extremely small, as in 1-2 m2. That was the norm during the period in order to allow for the other rooms to be bigger.
For the most part though apartments today have their own toilet and shower, there have been a lot of renovation projects in the last decade which have allowed owners to install own facilities so as to avoid having to use shared toilets and showers.
In youth housing and dorms expect to have at least a shared kitchen, many have their own toilets and showers though.
Utilities are usually not included in the rent and paid separately. In most adds for rental homes you see rent and utilities stated separately. In Denmark the landlord usually handles heating and water and the costs for these are added to the rent as a variable cost. The tenant handles electricity directly with the electricity company.
The cost of the utilities is calculated periodically, so if a tenant uses a lot of water and heat in a period then the utilities paid to the landlord will increase for the next period and vice versa. If a tenant has used more water and heat than he has paid for during a period then the landlord will charge the tenant for the difference. In the reverse scenario where the tenant has used less than he or she has paid for, the landlord is obligated to pay back the amount that was charged above the amount used.